It is today flown above Buckingham Palace, Windsor Castle and Sandringham when The Queen is not in residence. The answer lies in the fact that Wales was already part of the Kingdom of England when predecessors to the current flag were made. Adopted in 1801, the modern design of the Union Jack is actually a combination of three older national flags, one from England, one from Scotland, and one from Ireland. This was combined with the previous Union Flag of St George and St Andrew, after the Act of Union of Ireland with England (and Wales) and Scotland on 1 January 1801, to create the Union Flag that has been flown ever since. The cross saltire of St Andrew, patron saint of Scotland, is a diagonal white cross on a blue ground. This theory most likely arose from these proclamations. The flags at sea were known by several names such as pendants, ensigns, flags, and jacks. It is today flown above Buckingham Palace, Windsor Castle and Sandringham when The Queen is not in residence. The cross of St George, patron saint of England since the 1270's, is a red cross on a white ground. Sometime around 1674 the British flag became formally known as the ‘Union Jack’ when mounted on a warship and the ship was not in harbour. It’s the leftover marks of British Imperialism, and not every country has chosen to keep it. The term 'Union Jack' possibly dates from Queen Anne's time but its origin remains uncertain. When the present design was made official in 1801, it was ordered to be flown on all the King's forts and castles, but not elsewhere. The terms Union Jack and Union Flag are both used historically for describing the national flag of the United Kingdom. As such, you may be wondering why the UK skipped out on a chance to put a dragon on the Union Jack? However, it is important to note that the maritime bow flag was commonly known as the “jack” even before the flag was designed. If it was being flown on a warship that wasn’t in harbor, the flag then became the Union Jack. Check out these other posts from the Sporcle Blog. You see things in a different way. An upside-down Union Flag is used as a sign of distress. flown from the jack staff of a RN ship but has been called the Union Jack. Your tireless dedication to saving lives and helping those in times of greatest need is a source of huge pride for our country. Which Continent – Is Russia Part of Europe or Asia? There’s a rumour that it’s not actually called the Union Jack. The resulting flag that was designed was one of the first designs of the Union Jack. (Last Updated On: June 1, 2018) In historical accounts from around the world, it is not uncommon to occasionally come across mentions of unexplained phenomena appearing in the sky. Evolution of the Union Jack. In Wales you may see two flags flying, including the red dragon on a green background and the yellow St Davids Cross. And finally: Make sure you hang the flag up the right way. "Union" is thought to come from the union of the three flags into one. The flying of the Union Flag on public buildings is decided by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport at The Queen's command. Back in the 17th century, the crowns of England, Scotland and Ireland came together in a personal union. Another alternative is that the name may be derived from a proclamation by Charles II that the Union Flag should be flown only by ships of the Royal Navy as a jack, a small flag at the bowsprit - the term 'jack' once meant small. The flag’s design dates all the way back to 1603 during the reign of King George III. Unexplained History – UFO Sightings in Medieval Europe, 33 Fun Facts About Classic Halloween Candy, 101 More Interesting Trivia Facts That Will Blow Your Mind. The Union Flag is flown on Government buildings on days marking the birthdays of members of the Royal Family, Commonwealth Day, Coronation Day, The Queen's official birthday, Remembrance Day and on the days of the State Opening and prorogation of Parliament. This rule was relaxed by the early nineteen century when the sailing term could be used when referring to the national flag everywhere. The Welsh dragon does not appear on the Union Flag. New Badges: You Know Nothing, All Over the Map, and Cross Training. The flag consists of three heraldic crosses. The design of the Union Jack features three symbols, namely the red cross of Saint George, the Saltire of Saint Andrew, and the Cross of St Patrick, which is also red. Play this Flags of the World quiz to find more examples of the Union Jack. All these three symbols, which represent England, Ireland, and Scotland, are on a blue background.

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