FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons. Putting the political points aside, we believe "language varieties (or variants)" would just be perfect for both the Mandarin and Cantonese. Partly similar/different. It’s the romanization system for Mandarin words and tones that tell learners how to pronounce them. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn Chinese with real-world videos. However, it is one of the five major languages in mainland China that also includes Cantonese language. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } Cantonese requires you to not only recognize the tone by the “movement” of the tone, but also the pitch. Cantonese and Mandarin are forms of Chinese. © 2020 Enux Education Limited. The Map for the Cantonese Speaking Area in Mainland China — What’s your name? Chinese is the language spoken by the largest population on our earth. It’s also the most commonly spoken dialect in China. But that doesn’t mean there aren’t a lot of people (or places) still using traditional characters today. Filed Under: Language Tagged With: Cantonese, cantonese definition, Cantonese language, Chinese languages, dialect of mandarin, Hong Kong, language reforms, Macau, mainland China, Mandarin, mandarin and cantonese, mandarin definition, Mandarin script, official language of China, tonal languages, Koshal is a graduate in Language Studies with a Master's Degree in Linguistics. These tones are vital when trying to convey your meaning, making Cantonese harder to learn than Mandarin. Mandarin Chinese is spoken by more people, but Cantonese may be more practical in Hong Kong and Guangdong Province. Give some careful thought to your reasons for learning either Mandarin or Cantonese before you make your decision. An interest story about the English word "Mandarin" is that it's said to stem from the phrase "Man-Da-Ren", the Chinese addressing for the Manchus Officials back in Qing Dynasty a century ago. As a result, they’re the two most studied Chinese languages. Cantonese is mostly an oral language and when Cantonese speaking people have to read and write, they make use of mandarin. It's also the official and dominant spoken voice in Hong Kong and Macau. Mandarin is the official state language of China and is the lingua franca of the country. The difference between the two tonal systems, however, is the number of tones each dialect uses. But, now, language learning is more obtainable than ever! Traditional Chinese is used in both Hong Kong and Taiwan (Read about the Differences between the CHT language in Hong Kong and Taiwan), but the former speaks Cantonese while the latter speaks Mandarin. — What’s your name? (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. There are three types of Jyutping: Yale, Sidney Lau and LSHK Jyutping. 我喜歡學中文 (wǒ xǐ huān xué zhōng wén) — I like studying Chinese. According to WorldAtlas, Cantonese is most commonly spoken in Hong Kong and the Guangdong Province, where it’s recognized as the lingua franca—the common language, but not necessarily the native language. Although words in both Mandarin and Cantonese are only one syllable long, Cantone… While Cantonese is about 2000 years old, people will be more surprised to find that Mandarin is merely 700-800 year old. Since they are so different, has been heated debate whether or not they should be considered separate languages rather than simply two dialects of an umbrella Chinese language. Brooke Bagley is a freelance writer and a passionate language learner. One unique thing about Mandarin and Cantonese is that both are tonal languages and a single word may have many meanings depending upon context and pronunciation. Both languages are spoken in Malaysia and Singapore. Her work has appeared in Travel + Leisure, USA Today 10Best, Michelin Guide, Hemispheres, DuJour, and Jetsetter. MANDARIN (Pu Tong Hua) is the Official SPOKEN Chinese language used by the majority of people in Mainland China, Taiwan (and Singapore), covering over 75% of the Chinese speaking population worldwide. Just like Pinyin, Jyutping uses the Latin alphabet to spell out Cantonese words and uses marks and numbers to symbolize tones. Cantonese, or Yue-Yu, came out into being from this process. Cantonese is often described as a dialect of mandarin, but the fact that there are glarin… Cantonese and Mandarin are mutually unintelligible—meaning, the speaker of one can’t understand the other. Mandarin is a dialect of Chinese. No one really knows - at least the Chinese people don't know. Plus, it’s used in some of China’s most populated and tourist-attractive regions. You might consider learning Cantonese if you intend to settle in Hong Kong for a prolonged period of time. If you plan on doing business in China or traveling around the country, Mandarin is the language to learn. Cantonese is heard less often in Overseas Chinese communities as new Mandarin-speaking immigrants arrive from Mainland China. If you've been offered a job in Hong Kong, Macau, or Guangzhou, Cantonese will serve you best. However, it wasn’t created for that purpose. We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. On February 6, 1956, the State Department of PRC had published the Directives on Promotion of Standard Mandarin in which it was officially established that: The Chinese Mandarin takes the pronunciations of Beijing voice as its standard reference and northern Chinese speech as its dialectal basis, and use the classical modern vernacular Chinese books for grammar norms. Mandarin and Cantonese even have different vowels and consonants. In much of the country, it is the primary spoken language, including Beijing and Shanghai, although many provinces still retain their own local dialect. So, mandarin has how many tones? But similar to many Chinese dialects, traditional and simplified characters are recognizable and fairly easy to read regardless of which system a person uses the most. Cracking the tones are said to be the hardest part of learning Chinese. We are your dependable native speaking Mandarin Translators and Cantonese Translators. CANTONESE (Yue Yu) is a SPOKEN Chinese "dialect" (if we may define it so) mainly used by people in Guangdong (or "Canton") province, Hong Kong, Macao and many overseas Chinese communities. With the continuous increasing of number of Chinese people living in the U.S., Canada, and other countries around the globe, and with the rise of China as an economic and cultural powerhouse on the world stage, learning Chinese has become more and more appealing to many second-language learners. — What’s your name?. Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you Cantonese and Mandarin are two of the most commonly used dialects in China. Yes, If your goal is to be widely understood, you should learn Mandarin because Mandarin can be understood even in Hong Kong, Macau and Canton (the main regions where the majority of people still speak Cantonese), and more and more Cantonese speakers are learning Mandarin nowadays.

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