[10][11], Ever since the end of Iraqi civil war in 2007, the Shia population of the holy city has increased exponentially. A city of Sur-marrati (refounded by Sennacherib in 690 BC according to a stele in the Walters Art Museum) is insecurely identified with a fortified Assyrian site of Assyrian at al-Huwaysh on the Tigris opposite modern Samarra. Ever since the end of Iraqi civil war in 2007, the Shia population of the holy city has increased exponentially. This article is about the city in Iraq. Gone with its state power was the reason for its existence. Some in the Islamic world, however, are convinced that the American government was behind it. On February 22, 2006, the golden dome of the al-Askari Mosque was bombed, setting off a period of rioting and reprisal attacks across the country which claimed hundreds of lives. Jill Katz on urban anthropology in the capitals of Israel and Judah. Ancient Samaria and Jerusalem had a lot in common in the ninth and eighth centuries B.C.E. Jerusalem lies at the heart of Biblical archaeology. Video lectures from world-renowned experts, Four books published by BAS and the Smithsonian Institution, Instant access to the complete tablet edition back-issue catalog of. No organization claimed responsibility for the bombing. Jill Katz explains how urban anthropology can illuminate the ideological importance of ancient Samaria and Jerusalem after the dissolution of the United Kingdom of Israel. Samarra was heavily occupied in ancient times during the Chalcolithic Samarran Culture (c. 5500–4800 B.C.E.) This has made it a central pilgrimage center for Shi'a Muslims of the "Twelver," sect, estimated to comprise 80 percent of Shi'as. Please support us by making a donation or purchasing a subscription today. Yet the relative importance of these social functions is not random but rather derives from the strength of both the city’s economy and the controlling state.”, In urban anthropology terms, ancient Samaria (Israel) would be considered an administrative city—a city with strong political power and control over the agriculture-dependent economy, governed by leaders with access to great wealth. Ancient Israel Through a Social Scientific Lens, Tel ‘Eton Excavations Reveal Possible Judahite Administrative Center, Lachish: Open Access to BAR Articles on Lachish Archaeology, Become a member of Biblical Archaeology Society, and gain All Access with your membership today, The BAS Library includes online access to more than 9,000 articles by world-renowned experts and 22,000 gorgeous color photos from…. Art, Music, Literature, Sports and leisure, https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/p/index.php?title=Samarra&oldid=1023956, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. [9] The mosque compound and minarets had been closed since the 2006 bombing. About 171 mm (6.73 in) of precipitation falls annually. Samarra is a key city in Saladin Governorate, a major part of the so-called Sunni Triangle where insurgents were active during the Iraq War. From the time it was built by Caliph Al-Mu'tasim in 836 C.E. "The Appointment in Samarra" (as retold by W. Somerset Maugham [1933]). Web. For the village in Iran, see, Men walk down a street in Samarra in 1970, Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 7: Records of Samarra Expeditions, 1906–1945, Iraq Image - Samarra Satellite Observation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Samarra&oldid=972525693. Many local people were displaced by the dam, resulting in a big increase in Samarra's population. The city declined but maintained a mint until the early 10th century. Samarra's native population is believed to be largely descended from a lineage related to these saints, although most of these citizens of Samarra are Sunnis who do not share the same religious tradition of the Shi'a. The civilization flourished alongside the Ubaid period, as one of the first town states in the Near East. Although quite often called Mamluk slave soldiers, their status was quite elevated; some of their commanders bore Sogdian titles of nobility.[5]. Jerusalem peoples were allowed to return. On February 22, 2006, the golden dome of the al-Askari Mosque was bombed, setting off a period of rioting and reprisal attacks across the country which claimed hundreds of lives. Though Samarra is famous for its Shi'i holy sites, including the tombs of several Shi'i Imams, the town was traditionally and until very recently, dominated by Sunni Arabs.

Wadatsumi Torrance Menu, World Best Batsman, Sumo Moves Names, Tengu Crow, Raw Sushi Modesto, Special Herbs Bdo, What Steroids Increase Vascularity, Toyger For Sale, Stonehenge Mystery, California Gdp By County, Learn Persian Online, Chris Brown Mom Surgery, Funkadelic Maggot Brain Lyrics, Swimming Upstream Song, Southerncompany Com Careers, Most Beautiful Places In The World To Visit, Charlie Fox Art Writer, Korean Bbq Buffet Takapuna, Bust A Move Bass Tab, Aria-hidden=true Meaning, 2 On Drake, Lalit Modi, Track Motorcycle, Did You Get It Done, Snap Lock Boxes, Action Bronson Mixtapes, Wild Love Meaning, Amp-script Script Hash Not Found, Reflection About Teacher As A Person, Moroccan Restaurant Dublin, How Long Will A Deep Cycle Battery Run A Tv, Yuki Meaning, Action Bronson Oysters, Happy Is The Day When A Soldier Gets His Pay, Man Hunt Game, Amp-bind React, Adenosine Monophosphate Uses, Wellington Weather Warnings, Betsy Shoes, Provault Electronic-lock 18-gun Safe By Liberty, Is Extortion A Crime, Assembla Forgot Password, Ray's On The River Menu, Mir Investment Management, Donburi Dc Menu, Amsec Safes, Transport Bill Format, Finance Formulas Pdf, Zephyr Tool, Himitsu 1999 Watch Online, Is Nicor And Peoples Gas The Same, Amos Outline, Kilowatt Hour To Joules,